Region in southeast Asia Minor (q.v.), between the Mediterranean and the Taurus (qq.v.) mountain range whose strategic importance is related to the Cilician Gates (q.v.). From 703-965 the Arabs (q.v.) controlled Cilicia and were able to invade Asia Minor at will, despite the beacon system (q.v.) just north of the Cilician Gates that communicated to Constantinople (q.v.) the news of an Arab invasion. After the battle of Mantzikert (q.v.) in 1071, Armenians fleeing the Seljuks (q.v.) migrated to Cilicia, creating an Armenian state referred to as Lesser Armenia (ruled by the Rupenids [q.v.], then by the Hetumids from 1226-1341). John II Komnenos and Manuel I Komnenos (qq.v.) intervened in 1137 and 1159 to reestablish Byzantine control, but after the battle of Myriokephalon (q.v.) in 1176, all pretense of Byzantine control over Cilicia evaporated.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • CILICIA — CILICIA, district on the southeastern coast of Asia Minor, between Pamphylia and Syria. Cilicia became part of the Seleucid Empire on the death of Alexander the Great, and in   65 B.C.E. fell to the Roman conqueror Pompey, who immediately made… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • CILICIA — regio Asiae minoris notissima, inter Pamphyliam ad Occasum, Syriam ad Ortum, ac inter Taurum montem ad Boream, a Cappadocia separantem, et pelagus Cilicium ad Meridiem contenta. Caramam et Caramania propria vulgo, non Turcomania, ut scribit… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Cilicĭa — Cilicĭa, Landschaft, s. Kilikien …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cilicia — [sə lish′ə] region in SE Asia Minor, on the Mediterranean, under the domination of various kingdoms & rulers from the Assyrians in the 7th cent. B.C. until conquered by the Turks in the 15th cent. Cilician adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • Cilicia — Not to be confused with Sicilia. See also: Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia Cilicia (Կիլիկիա) Cilicia (Κιλικία) Ancient Region of Anatolia Location Southeastern Anatolia State existed: 16 14th c. BC (as Kizzuwatna) 12 8th c. BC (as Khilikku, Tabal …   Wikipedia

  • Cilicia — El reino armenio de Cilicia, 1199 1375. En la Antigüedad, Cilicia (en griego Κιλικία, en armenio Կիլիկիա) era la designación que se le daba a la zona costera meridional de la península de Anatolia, que ahora se conoce como Çukurova. Fue una… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Cilicia — Cilician, adj., n. /si lish euh/, n. an ancient country in SE Asia Minor: later a Roman province. * * * Ancient district, southern Anatolia. The district was located along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea south of the Taurus Mountains. In… …   Universalium

  • Cilicia — Das Königreich Kleinarmenien, 1199–1375 Kilikien (lat. Cilicia, dt. auch Zilizien) ist eine antike Landschaft im Südosten Kleinasiens. Sie entspricht in etwa den heutigen türkischen Provinzen Adana und Mersin. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cilicia — Cilicie La Cilicie en tant que province de l empire romain La Cilicie est une ancienne province romaine située dans la moitié orientale du sud de l Asie Mineure en Turquie. Elle était bordée au nord par la Cappadoce et la Lycaonie, à l est par la …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cilicia —    A maritime province in the south east of Asia Minor. Tarsus, the birth place of Paul, was one of its chief towns, and the seat of a celebrated school of philosophy. Its luxurious climate attracted to it many Greek residents after its… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

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